Rabu, 08 Juni 2022

Knowing Special Naturalization According to Indonesian Law

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By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the www.hukumindo.com platform has talk about "Does Indonesia Implementing Citizenship By Investment?", "Stages of Obtaining Indonesian Citizenship", you may read also "How to Obtain Indonesian Citizenship?" and on this occasion we will discuss about 'Knowing Special Naturalization According to Indonesian Law'.

Term of Special Naturalization

Before we know the term of special naturalization, it's good to know first what is meant by (ordinary) naturalization. In Indonesia, naturalization is usually explained as a person's submission (foreign citizen) to become an Indonesian citizen. In contrast to ordinary naturalization which prioritizes personal decisions, special naturalization is a gift from the Republic of Indonesia to citizens of other countries.[1] The granting of this citizen is generally due to the reason that someone has been deemed to have contributed to the Indonesian state.

The similarity between the two is related to the acquisition of citizenship. The basic difference between the two is related to the acquisition of citizenship, the former is through individual applications, while the latter is a gift from the state to individuals. The topic of how to obtain Indonesian citizenship through (ordinary) naturalization has been discussed in our article entitled: "How to Obtain Indonesian Citizenship?". On this occasion we will discuss about special naturalization.

Procedure to Obtain Special Naturalization

As explained earlier, special naturalization is not obtained through individual requests, but through grants from the state. Special naturalization is regulated in Article 20 Law Number 12 of 2006. This means that the state has an active role. The state feels the need to act to give an award in the form of citizenship to someone because it is considered that someone has done something remarkable. Generally given to athletes, more specifically soccer athletes.

How is the procedure? Before officially obtaining Indonesian citizenship, the person will be considered first by the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia (DPR RI).[2] This means that the state, in this case the executive, must first submit a letter to the House of Representatives asking for consideration in granting special naturalization to someone. In the case causing of dual citizenship, naturalization will not be granted.

Case Example

One such case is the Soccer player Kim Jeffry Kurniawan. Kim Jeffry Kurniawan is a mulatto child of Indonesian and German parents. When he was 18 years old, he did not choose to become an Indonesian citizen. Therefore, he automatically became a German citizen because he had lived in Germany since childhood. Then, the All-Indonesian Football Association (PSSI) offered him to become an Indonesian citizen. So Kim Jeffry Kurniawan officially became PSSI's first naturalized player.[3] And if you have any legal issue with your legal effort to obtain Indonesian Citizenship, contact us then, feel free in 24 hour, we will be happy to assist you. 


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Sub District, West Jakarta City,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

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References:

1. "Apa Perbedaan Naturalisasi Kewarganegaraan Biasa Dan Istimewa", tirto.id., Diakses pada tanggal 08 Juni 2022, https://tirto.id/apa-perbedaan-naturalisasi-kewarganegaraan-biasa-dan-istimewa-glzq
2. Ibid.
3. "Pengertian Naturalisasi Istimewa dan Contoh Kasusnya", kumparan.com., Diakses pada tanggal 08 Juni 2022, https://kumparan.com/kabar-harian/pengertian-naturalisasi-istimewa-dan-contoh-kasusnya-1wkDP4Eykgk/full

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