Jumat, 15 Oktober 2021

How to Obtain Indonesian Citizenship?

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By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has discussed about "Knowing KITAS (Limited Stay Permit Card) In Indonesia", "First Legal Aid When a Foreigners Arrested By The Police", read also: "How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?", and on this occasion will be discussed about the issue How to Obtain Indonesian Citizenship?

Definition of Citizen according to Indonesian Law

In addition to being regulated in Article 26 of the 1945 Constitution, citizens are also regulated in Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia. The following is the definition of a citizen according to the law as stated in Article 4 letter "a" (most relevant to this article):[1]
  • 'Any person based on laws and/or based on an agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia with other countries prior to the enactment of this Law has become an Indonesian citizen';
This means, in this article, it is assumed that you are a foreign citizen who wishes to acquire Indonesian citizenship. And based on the provisions of Article 4 letter "a" Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia above, as far as it fulfills the legal provisions governing it, it is legal to obtain Indonesian citizenship. The phrase 'based on laws' above, is in line with the meaning of as long as it fulfills the applicable legal provisions, then translated through the requirements and procedures as follows.

Requirements to be an Indonesian Citizen

The requirements for obtaining Indonesian Citizens, as regulated in Article 9 of Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship are:[1]
  1. 18 years old or married (even if they are not yet 18 years old);
  2. At the time of submitting the application, have lived in Indonesia for 5 consecutive years or 10 non-consecutive years;
  3. Physically and mentally healthy;
  4. Able to speak Indonesian and recognizes the state foundation of "Pancasila" and the 1945 Constitution;
  5. Never been sentenced to a criminal sentence/imprisonment for being proven guilty of a crime/crime punishable by imprisonment of 1 year or more;
  6. Obtaining Indonesian citizenship does not result in dual citizenship, because it is not recognized in the Indonesian legal system. In other words, the citizenship status of other countries must be relinquished;
  7. Have a job or have a steady income;
  8. Paying money/citizenship fees to the State Treasury. For further information regarding the amount of this fee, please contact the nearest Indonesian Immigration Office.
In addition to the 8 conditions mentioned above, logically someone who will apply to obtain the status of an Indonesian citizen must not be in a condition that is not permitted by Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship, such as being in military service or a civil servant in another country. 

Procedure for Becoming an Indonesian Citizen

The procedure for becoming an Indonesian citizen is as regulated in Articles 10-18 of Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship, namely:[2]
  1. The application is submitted in writing in (bahasa) Indonesian on paper with the seal of the Republic of Indonesia, addressed to the President of the Republic of Indonesia through the Minister of Law & Human Rights, and submitted to the relevant Immigration Officer;
  2. If the application is submitted abroad, the application can be made through the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in the country concerned and will be forwarded to the Minister of Law & Human Rights;
  3. The Minister of Law & Human Rights will forward the application to the President of the Republic of Indonesia no later than 3 (three) months from the date of receipt of the application, accompanied by various considerations;
  4. The President of the Republic of Indonesia may accept or reject the application;
  5. If accepted, a Presidential Decree (Keppres) of the Republic of Indonesia will be issued no later than 3 (three) months from the receipt of the application and will be submitted to the person concerned no later than 14 (fourteen) days from the date of the Presidential Decree;
  6. If the application is rejected, the Minister of Law & Human Rights will notify the person concerned no later than 3 (three) months from the receipt of the application, along with the reasons for the rejection;
  7. The Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia abroad will summon the applicant to take an oath or pledge allegiance to the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia no later than 3 (three) months after the Presidential Decree was sent to the person concerned. In this case, the Presidential Decree will be effective as of the date of taking the oath or statement of promise;
  8. If at the time of taking the oath or statement of promise it turns out that the applicant is not present without a valid reason, then the Presidential Decree will automatically be deemed null and void;
  9. After taking the oath or statement of promise, the applicant is required to submit his/her immigration documents/letters to the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia within a period of no later than 14 (fourteen) days;
  10. Copies of the Presidential Decree and Minutes of the Oath-taking/Statement of Promise are valid evidence of the acquisition of Indonesian Citizen status for the person concerned. In this case, the Minister of Law & Human Rights will announce the name concerned as a legal Indonesian citizen through the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia.​
The procedure referred to in numbers 1 to 10 above is called ordinary naturalization. In addition to naturalization in general, Article 20 of Law Number 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship also regulates naturalization in a special way. The requirement to become an Indonesian citizen by means of special naturalization, which refers to foreign nationals who have rendered services to the Republic of Indonesia or for reasons of state interest after obtaining consideration from the state institution, the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia. However, if the foreigner who applies for the Special Naturalization will later cause him to have dual citizenship, then the naturalization will not be granted.[3] 

In practice, naturalization is preferentially given to many athletes as a shortcut to defend a country in a sporting event. This also happened in Indonesia. For example, a soccer player born in Brazil was then naturalized to become an Indonesian citizen. This special naturalization process instantly entitles a person to defend a new country that has naturalized him in international sporting events. 

There is also a topic regarding the technical contents of the application letter to obtain Indonesian citizenship and its attachments, which will be discussed on another occasion. If you have any issue to Obtain Indonesian Citizenship, contact us, feel free in 24 hours, we will be glad to help you.


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. "Warga Negara: Pengertian, Syarat, dan Tata Cara Memperoleh Kewarganegaraan", www.detik.com, Penulis: Kristina, Rabu, 08 Sep 2021, diakses pada tanggal 15 Oktober 2021, https://www.detik.com/edu/detikpedia/d-5714082/warga-negara-pengertian-syarat-dan-tata-cara-memperoleh-kewarganegaraan.
2. "Memperoleh Kembali Kewarganegaraan RI", Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia Di Dili Republik Demokratik Timor-Leste, diakses pada tanggal 15 Oktober 2021, https://kemlu.go.id/dili/id/pages/memperoleh_kewarganegaraan_ri_/1771/etc-menu
3. Ibid.
4. "Cara dan Syarat-Syarat Menjadi Warga Negara Indonesia atau WNI", tirto.id., diakses pada tanggal 15 Oktober 2021, https://tirto.id/cara-dan-syarat-syarat-menjadi-warga-negara-indonesia-atau-wni-ghnS
5. Law Number: 12 of 2006 concerning Citizenship.

Jumat, 08 Oktober 2021

Knowing KITAS (Limited Stay Permit Card) In Indonesia

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By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has discussed about "How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?", and on this valuable occasion will be discussed about Knowing 'Limited Stay Permit Card' or KITAS In Indonesia? 

Term & Governing Law on KITAS (Residence Permit) In Indonesia

KITAS is a 'Limited Stay Permit Card', before being named 'KITAS' it was called 'KIMS' or 'Temporary Resident Permit Card'. This card is intended for Foreign Citizens working in Indonesia so that they can stay in Indonesia (a kind of resident permit) and must be extended once a year. To get this card, you must have a job in Indonesia and be sponsored by the company where the foreign citizen works.[1]

Governing Law on 'Limited Stay Permit Card' or KITAS In Indonesia, among them, are:[2]
  1. Law No: 6 Year 2011 Regarding Immigration;
  2. Law No: 13 Year 2003 Regarding Manpower;
  3. Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kemenkumham) Regulation No. 16 Year 2018 Regarding Procedures for Granting Visas and Stay Permits for Foreign Workers;
  4. Presidential Regulation No: 20 Year 2018 Regarding The Use of Foreign Workers;
  5. Government Regulation No: 31 Year 2013 Regarding The Implementing Regulations of Law No: 6 Year 2011 Regarding Immigration.
  6. Ect.

Limited Stay Permit Cards (KITAS) are issued to:[3]
  1. Foreigners who are legally married to Indonesian citizens;
  2. Children of foreigners who are legally married to Indonesian citizens;
  3. Children who at the time of birth in the Indonesian Territory father and/or mother holders of a Limited Stay Permit Card (KITAS);
  4. Foreign nationals who enter the Indonesian Territory with a limited stay visa or foreigners who are granted status transfer from a visit Stay Permit;
  5. The captain, crew, or foreign experts on board ships, floating equipment, or installations operating in Indonesian waters and jurisdictions in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations;
  6. Limited Stay Permit Card can also be given to Foreigners to do short work.

Foreign Workers referred here are includes:[4]
  1. Work as an expert;
  2. Conduct scientific research;
  3. Participate in education and training;
  4. Performing duties as a clergy;
  5. Elderly tourists from abroad;
  6. Foreigners who are former Indonesian citizens;
  7. Foreigners in the context of investment;
  8. Joining a husband or wife holding a Limited Stay Permit Card (KITAS);
  9. Merge with the father and/or mother for children who are foreign nationals who have a legal family relationship with the father and/or mother who are Indonesian citizens;
  10. Joining the father and/or mother holding a Limited Stay Permit Card or Permanent Stay Permit Card for children under 18 (eighteen) years old and unmarried;

The validity Period of The Limited Stay Permit Card Ends Because The Holder:[5]
  1. Return to the country of origin and do not intend to enter the Indonesian Territory again;
  2. Return to their country of origin and do not return again beyond the validity period of their Re-Entry Permit;
  3. Obtaining the citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia;
  4. The permit has expired;
  5. The permit changes status to Permanent Stay Permit;
  6. The permit is canceled by the Minister or the appointed Immigration Officer;
  7. Subject to Deportation;
  8. Died.

We summarize the procedures for managing ITAS for Foreign Workers as follows: 1). Applications are submitted by foreigners or their guarantors to the relevant Immigration Office; 2). Applications must be submitted within 30 days from the date of entry; 3). The Immigration Office checks the requirements that must be attached; 4). In the event that the inspection requirements have been met, the Head of the Immigration Office within a maximum of 4 (four) working days issues the Limited Stay Permit Card (KITAS). If you have any issue regarding your Limited Stay Permit Card (KITAS), contact us, feel free in 24 hours, we will be glad to help you.


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. "Prosedur Kartu Izin Tinggal Terbatas", www.bisaberes.com, diakses pada tanggal 8 Oktober 2021, http://www.bisaberes.com/prosedur-perizinan-kitas.php
2. "Apa Itu KITAS, Jenis, Kegunaan, dan Dasar Hukumnya", www.cermati.com, Editor: Irene Radius Saretta, diakses pada tanggal 8 Oktober 2021, https://www.cermati.com/artikel/apa-itu-kitas-jenis-kegunaan-dan-dasar-hukumnya;
3. www.bisaberes.com., Op. Cit.;
4. www.bisaberes.com., Op. Cit.

Kamis, 07 Oktober 2021

How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?

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By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has discussed about "First Legal Aid When a Foreigners Arrested By The Police", and on this valuable occasion will be discussed about How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia? 

As mentioned in the previous article, when you are abroad, one of the things that is different is the law where you live. And when you are abroad, bad luck can happen to anyone, including being a criminal actor because of your ignorance (or other reasons) or even being a victim of a crime committed by someone else against you. In this article, we will discuss, by law, the occasion when you become a victim of crime in Indonesia. More specifically, this article will discuss the legal remedies that a foreign citizen can take while in Indonesia to report a crime that has occurred to him/her at the relevant Police Office.

Various Examples of Criminal Acts

Crime can happen to anyone and anywhere. Indonesia is no exception, the victim can be anyone, including foreign nationals currently in Indonesia. This article is not meant to scare you, on the contrary, it intends to help you when you are in this country to get the right information when a crime happens to you. 

Some common crimes that may happen to you include theft, fraud and embezzlement.[1] Article 362 of the Criminal Code (KUHP) stipulates that "Anyone who takes an item, which wholly or partly belongs to another person, with the intention of possessing the item against the right, shall be punished for theft, with a maximum imprisonment of 5 years or a maximum fine of Rp. 900,-". 

Article 378 of the Criminal Code ("KUHP") regulates the crime of fraud as follows: "Anyone with the intention of unlawfully benefiting himself or another person by using a false name or false dignity (hoedaningheid); by deceit, or a series of lies, inducing another person to hand over something to him, or to give a debt or write off a debt, is threatened, for fraud, with a maximum imprisonment of four years". 

Article 372 of the Criminal Code ("KUHP") regulates the crime of embezzlement as follows: "Anyone who knowingly owns against the rights of an item which wholly or partly belongs to another person and the item is in his hands not because of a crime, shall be punished for embezzlement, with a maximum imprisonment of four years or a maximum fine of Rp. 900,-".

Many other crimes are regulated by different laws. Note that criminal acts regulated by each law in Indonesia are included in legal terms, so they must meet the elements contained therein. Of course this is not easy for most ordinary people. Discuss this topic with your legal advisor so that the Police Report that you are about to open leads to a clearer direction of the specific criminal term.

Governing Law on Police Reports

Article 1 Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code ("KUHAP") provides a definition of the Report as follows: "Report is a notification submitted by a person who, because of his rights or obligations under the law, to an authorized official regarding, has or is currently or is suspected of having a criminal event." Those who have the right to submit reports are people who have experienced, seen, witnessed or become victims of events that constitute criminal acts, either orally or in writing. 

In relation to this article, then your position as a foreigner who is in Indonesia is as a victim of a crime committed by someone else against you. Procedural law (Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code ("KUHAP")) in Indonesia protects you by providing you with the right to report a crime you have experienced to the relevant Police institution. Regarding how to open a Police report at the relevant Police Station, I suggest you continue reading this article to the end.

How to Open a Police Report ("LP") in Indonesia?

As a guide, here's how to open a criminal report according to the author's practical experience:
  1. Come to the relevant Police Station;
  2. Come to the Integrated Police Service Center (SPKT);
  3. Tell the chronology of the crime that you experienced to the Police officers;
  4. If the incident you experience is a criminal act, the Police officer will give you a report sign, if it is not a criminal act, the Police officer will not give you a report sign.
Complete your report with your self identity, witnesses and supporting evidence related to the crime you experienced. If you have any difficulties to open a Police Report in Indonesia, contact us, feel free in 24 hours, we will be glad to help you.


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. Criminal Code ("KUHP");
2. Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code ("KUHAP");

Selasa, 05 Oktober 2021

First Legal Aid When a Foreigners Arrested By The Police

(iStock)

By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has discussed the subject of "How To Married Indonesian Women Legally?", and on this valuable occasion will be discussed about First Legal Aid When a Foreigners Arrested By The Police.

Being Abroad

When you are abroad, you will be faced with very different conditions from when you are in your own country. Different factors such as language, geographical conditions, food, culture and even laws are some of the factors that you have to deal with. If the day is not on your side, then one of them can put you at a disadvantage. Good luck is keeping you away. 

We will take one factor that is different in each country, namely the law. The laws that apply in each country are basically different. In a certain country, certain goods are prohibited, while in other countries are legal. For example, regarding marijuana/Cannabis. Cannabis in certain countries such as the Netherlands, Canada, Colombia, Uruguay and Ecuador is not illegal. Meanwhile, in countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Russia and China, marijuana is illegal. Marijuana is still classified as a dangerous drug.[1]

Therefore, understanding the laws of the country where you are located is very important. When you violate the legal order in the country where you are located, as a consequence you will have to deal with law enforcement officials, especially the police institution. There are many other legal rules that you must obey when you are abroad, no different when you are in Indonesia. You must comply with applicable laws even if you do not know them. This is where it is important that you read this article to the end. In the event that you are out of luck, you still have valuable legal information to guide you through.

First Legal Aid When a Foreigners Arrested By The Police

The criminal justice process in Indonesia is actually a long and complicated one. At least for common people. In general criminal offenses, this starts from the investigation process at the Police institution to the final process at the Correctional institution. However, when you violate it, then like the law in general, you also have the right to defend yourself and get assistance from a lawyer. No different with Indonesia. 

Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code, In particular, Article 54 stipulates that: "For the sake of defense, a suspect or defendant is entitled to legal assistance from one or more legal advisers during the time and at every level of examination, according to the procedure specified in this law". This article stipulates that you have the right to obtain a defense and appoint your legal counsel to do so, even more than one lawyer.

In addition, Article 55 of the same law stipulates that: "To obtain legal counsel as referred to in Article 54, the suspect or defendant has the right to choose his own legal advisor". This article provides that you have the right to appoint your own legal advisor. 

Still according to the Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code, In particular, Article 57 paragraph (1) stipulates that: "A suspect or defendant who is subject to detention has the right to contact his legal adviser in accordance with the provisions of this law". Here it is regulated that you have the right to access legal counsel by contacting him/her. Contact your legal advisor as first aid when arrested by the Indonesia state Police.

Use Your Rights

Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code has strictly regulated the rights of a person when detained in criminal proceedings in Indonesia. For example is set in Article 54, Article 55, and Article 57 paragraph (1) as above. This means, law enforcement in Indonesia is to guarantee protection for anyone who is detained while undergoing a criminal process. 

By using your right to defend yourself in front of the law, you have participated in upholding the law with dignity and respect for human rights. If you have difficulty dealing with Police institution in Indonesia, contact us, feel free in 24 hours, we will be glad to help you. 


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. "5 Negara yang Melegalkan Penggunaan Ganja bagi Warganya", www.kompas.com., Sekar Langit Nariswari, diakses pada tanggal 5 Oktober 2021, https://lifestyle.kompas.com/read/2021/04/21/151122920/5-negara-yang-melegalkan-penggunaan-ganja-bagi-warganya?page=all.
2. Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code.

Senin, 04 Oktober 2021

How To Married Indonesian Women Legally?

(iStock)

By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has discussed about "Strategies for Filing Divorce Lawsuits for Foreigners And Migrant Workers", and on this occasion will be discussed about How To Married Indonesian Women Legally?

The Natural Beauty of Indonesian Women

Many facts about the world of Indonesian women that attract the attention of the world. For example, about the natural beauty of Indonesian women. The following are beautiful facts of Indonesian women that should make them proud to be Indonesian.[1]

Firstly, Indonesian women are polite. It is no secret that women from Indonesia are friendly and polite women. Even many foreigners who come to Indonesia will feel comfortable. The comfort that comes from the warm welcome of their smiles and manners. Secondly, Indonesian women are persistent and smart. Not only beautiful, Indonesian women are also known as smart and persistent figures. Now many Indonesian women are entering influential figures in the world. This proves that Indonesian women do not only rely on beauty.

Thirdly, Loving Local Culture. It's no secret that Indonesia has a lot of cool and incredibly unique local culture. The culture varies from every region in Indonesia. This culture must be preserved as part of maintaining cultural wisdom. This is where the role of Indonesian women is so important. Many Indonesian women have become ambassadors to maintain and introduce local culture. Not only in the country, but also in the world. They love the local culture with all their heart.

Fourthly, Indonesian women are independent. The beauty of Indonesian women is increasingly shines bright because they are independent figures. They are usually self-sufficient, committed, loyal and responsible. Therefore, Indonesian women are very good and even special in the world. Fifth, Indonesian Women Are Full of Care. Indonesian women are well-known for their easy to care for others. If there are friends or relatives who experience misfortune, they immediately step in to help. They feel that each other is a brother and should help each other.

Sixth, Sociable And Religious. Associating with women and Indonesian civilization will leave many memories. How come? Indonesian women's lives are filled with intimacy with one another. They are known to be sociable and easy to get along with anyone. One more thing that attracts Indonesian women's beauty so that it is recognized by the world is their religious figure. Indonesia is a religious country. So it's not surprising that the residents are devout adherents of a religion. 

Seventh, Have an Ideal Skin Tone. Generally, people from other countries are jealous of the skin color of Indonesian women. They consider the skin of Indonesian women ideal and natural 'exotic'. To get such skin, Caucasians are often willing to sunbathe for hours. However, it seems that most Indonesian women prefer to have white skin like Caucasians. Something ironic. In fact, as an Indonesian woman, we should be grateful to have the skin color that many Caucasians want. Maybe there are other personal characteristics that make you love Indonesian women? Please add it yourself.

Above have mentioned the qualities that make Indonesian women beautiful in the eyes of the world. However, if the author may have an opinion, some of the characteristics that are dominant regarding  the beauty of Indonesian women is because 'exotic', they are also love to smile, smart and caring. So will you marry her and live with her for the rest of your life? If your answer is yes, then you should read this article to the end.

How To Married Indonesian Women Legally?

This article has a legal assumption that the prospective groom is a foreign citizen, while the prospective bride is an Indonesian citizen, and will marry in Indonesia, this means that the law that will regulate is the marriage law in Indonesia. 

It should be noted first, a marriage in Indonesia is something sacred. This is in accordance with the provisions of Article 1 of Law Number: 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage which stipulates that marriage is an inner and outer bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife with the aim of forming a happy and eternal family (household) based on the One Godhead. This means, when marrying your Indonesian partner, do it sincerely and full of awareness.

Regarding marriage in Indonesia, it is regulated in Law Number: 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage. The most basic rule is in Article 2 of the Law, which reads: 
  1. Marriage is legal if it is carried out according to the law of each religion and belief;
  2. Each marriage is recorded according to the applicable laws and regulations.
Same Religion and Belief

From the sound of Article 2 paragraph 1 of Law Number: 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage above, it is regulated that the most basic requirements for a valid marriage in Indonesia are the same religion and belief. In addition, make sure that your marriage is registered by the competent state institution. These are the two basic rules of marriage in Indonesia, namely the same religion and belief as well as being registered by the competent state institution. Very easy isn't it?

There are five recognized religions in Indonesia, first is Islam as the majority religion, then there is Catholic & Protestant Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and finally Confucianism. This means, if you are a foreigner who wants to marry an Indonesian woman and the marriage is carried out according to Indonesian law, and your spouse is in a different religion, then one partner must follow the other's religion. The technical procedure for embracing a religion is regulated according to each religion. In Christianity, for example, baptism is performed. In Islam for example, taking bai'at/initiation.

Registered By The Competent State Institution

The obligation to register your marriage is regulated in Article 2 paragraph (2) of Law Number: 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage. By registering your marriage to the competent state institution, it means that the marriage that you do according to your religion and belief has been legally recognized. As a sign of state recognition of your marriage, then the state will issue a Marriage Certificate as authentic evidence. For Muslim couples, the Marriage Certificate or 'Buku Nikah' is issued by the Office of Religious Affairs. As for non-Muslim couples, the Marriage Certificate is issued by the local Civil Registry Office. 

Legally, the Marriage Certificate is proof of your marriage. This marriage certificate then becomes the legal basis for the consequences of marriage. For example, it is related to the matter of the child later. Or related to joint property generated during the marriage. Or related to the issue of inheritance for his/her descendants. Or even when you file for divorce in the court. 

In addition, what is no less important, if between you and your partner from different countries is a matter of citizenship. Whether later the nationality of the future husband, the citizenship of your wife, and the citizenship of your children. 

In addition to the basic provisions of marriage above, there are also separate rules for each religion and belief. And of course it will not be discussed on this occasion. If you have difficulty getting married in Indonesia, contact us, we will be happy to help you. 


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. "Kecantikan Wanita Indonesia yang Diakui Dunia", jengsusan.com., Diakses pada tanggal 3 Oktober 2021, https://jengsusan.com/kecantikan-wanita-indonesia-yang-diakui-dunia/
2. Law Number: 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage. 

Jumat, 24 September 2021

Contoh Gugatan Hak Asuh Anak

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Oleh:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.

Sebelumnya platform Hukumindo.com telah membahas mengenai "Strategies for Filling Divorce Lawsuits for Foreigners and Migrant Workers", dan pada kesempatan kali ini akan dibahas mengenai Contoh Gugatan Hak Asuh Anak. Perhatikan contoh berikut:[1]


Jakarta, 16 Juni 2020

Nomor : ......./GHAA/...../MKA/VI/21’
Lampiran : -1-
Perihal : Gugatan Hak Asuh Anak

Kepada Yth.:
Ketua Pengadilan Agama Jakarta .................
d/a : Jalan R.M. Harsono No.: 1, RT: 005/RW: 007, 
Kelurahan: Ragunan, Kecamatan: Pasar Minggu, Kota: Jakarta Selatan, 
Provinsi: D.K.I. Jakarta, KP: 12550. 
Telp.: (021) 78840013.


Assalaamu’alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Dengan hormat,

Yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini:

MK, S.H., M.H.

Advokat & Konsultan Hukum pada “MK” Law Office, beralamat di: ......, Provinsi: D.K.I. Jakarta – 11740, berdasarkan Surat Kuasa Khusus tertanggal ......... Juni 2020 (terlampir), dalam hal ini bertindak untuk dan atas nama:

Nama : UPA Binti Adam X, S.H.
Jenis Kelamin : Perempuan
Tempat/Tanggal Lahir : Jakarta/XX Januari 1990
Agama : Islam
Pendidikan : S1 Akuntansi
Pekerjaan : ........ 
Alamat Domisili : Jalan Yang Lurus No: 999, ................... Kota: Jakarta Selatan, Provinsi: D.K.I. Jakarta.

Baik secara bersama-sama maupun sendiri-sendiri, selanjutnya disebut sebagai “Penggugat”.

Penggugat dengan ini mengajukan Gugatan Hak Asuh Anak, melawan:

Nama : TW Bin XX
Jenis Kelamin : Laki-laki
Tempat/Tanggal Lahir : Jakarta/8 Maret 1991
Agama : Islam
Pendidikan : S1 Ekonomi
Pekerjaan : .............
Aalamat : Dahulu di Jalan Raya ......., saat ini tidak diketahui keberadaannya secara pasti baik di dalam maupun di luar wilayah hukum Republik Indonesia.

Selanjutnya dalam perkara a quo disebut sebagai “Tergugat”. 

Adapun posita gugatan Penggugat adalah sebagaimana terurai di bawah ini:

1. Bahwa, sebelumnya Penggugat telah melayangkan Gugatan Hak Asuh Anak & Nafkah Anak dengan Nomor: XYZ/GHAA&NA/UPA/MKA/III/21’, tertanggal XX Maret 2020 ke Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Selatan, dan telah mendapat registrasi perkara dengan Nomor: XXXX/Pdt.G/2020 PA JS, akan tetapi hasil dua kali relaas panggilan sidang kepada Tergugat adalah ‘Tergugat tidak berdomisili di alamat tersebut’. Kemudian majelis hakim menyarankan agar gugatan dicabut dan diajukan gugatan baru, dengan terlebih dahulu memperoleh Surat Keterangan Ghoib dari Kantor Kelurahan ........, sebagai tempat terakhir Tergugat berdomisili;

2. Bahwa, ‘Surat Keterangan Ghoib’ Nomor: XXX, tanggal XX Juni 2020, yang ditandatangani dan diterbitkan oleh oleh XXX selaku Lurah ................, Pemerintah Kota ..........., menerangkan bahwa an. TW Bin XX (Tergugat) tidak diketahui keberadaannya (Ghoib);

3. Bahwa, Penggugat dan Tergugat adalah pasangan suami-isteri yang melangsungkan pernikahan pada tanggal XX Agustus 20....., dan tercatat pada Kantor Urusan Agama (KUA) Kecamatan ........, sesuai dengan Kutipan Akta Nikah Nomor: .......... tanggal XX Desember 2014;

4. Bahwa, selama pernikahan antara Penggugat dengan Tergugat telah berhubungan sebagaimana layaknya suami-isteri dan telah dikaruniai 2 (dua) orang anak, yaitu:

a. GAW, laki-laki, lahir pada tanggal 22 Mei 2015, sesuai Kutipan Akta Kelahiran Nomor: ......... tanggal ...................., yang dikeluarkan oleh Suku Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota................;
b. XYZ, perempuan, lahir pada tanggal XX Februari 2016, sesuai Kutipan Akta Kelahiran Nomor: ................. tanggal 5 Juli 2017, yang dikeluarkan oleh Suku Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota.............

5. Bahwa, pada hari Senin tanggal XX Mei 20... atau bertepatan dengan tanggal 9 Syaban 144X H, berdasarkan Putusan Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Selatan Nomor: XXXX/Pdt.G/2019/PA.JS tanggal 19 Februari 20XX dan telah berkekuatan hukum tetap, telah terjadi perceraian antara Penggugat dengan Tergugat sesuai dengan Akta Cerai Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Selatan Nomor: XXXX/AC/2020/PA JS;

6. Bahwa, setelah perceraian antara Penggugat dan Tergugat sebagaimana telah diterangkan di atas, belum diatur mengenai hak asuh anak oleh putusan pengadilan; 

7. Bahwa, oleh karena kedua anak hasil perkawinan Penggugat dan Tergugat tersebut di atas masih di bawah umur, Penggugat mempunyai keinginan untuk mengasuhnya dan mempunyai kemampuan yang cukup untuk itu, oleh karena itu Penggugat mohon agar ditetapkan sebagai pemegang hak hadhanah (pemeliharaan/hak asuh) atas anak hasil perkawinan antara Penggugat dan Tergugat tersebut di atas;

8. Mohon agar Putusan ini dinyatakan dapat dilaksanakan terlebih dahulu (Uitvoerbaar bij Voorrad), meskipun ada upaya Verzet, Banding, Kasasi maupun upaya hukum lainnya;
 
9. Penggugat sanggup membayar biaya perkara;

Berdasarkan hal-hal sebagaimana diuraikan di atas, Penggugat mohon kepada Ketua Pengadilan Agama Jakarta ......................... untuk memutus dengan petitum sebagai berikut:

Primair:

1. Mengabulkan Gugatan Penggugat untuk seluruhnya.

2. Menetapkan anak yang bernama: a).  GAW, laki-laki, lahir pada tanggal ........, sesuai Kutipan Akta Kelahiran Nomor: ....... tanggal ........, yang dikeluarkan oleh Suku Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota .......; b). XYZ, perempuan, lahir pada tanggal.........., sesuai Kutipan Akta Kelahiran Nomor: .......... tanggal ........, yang dikeluarkan oleh Suku Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Kota......., berada di bawah pemeliharaan (hadhanah) Penggugat;

3. Menetapkan Putusan ini dinyatakan dapat dilaksanakan terlebih dahulu (Uitvoerbaar bij Voorrad), meskipun ada upaya Verzet, Banding, Kasasi maupun upaya hukum lainnya;

4. Membebankan biaya perkara sesuai hukum; 

Subsidair:

Atau, apabila Ketua Pengadilan Agama Jakarta ........... berpendapat lain, mohon Putusan yang seadil-adilnya (Ex Aquo et Bono).

Wassalamu’alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Hormat Kami,
Kuasa Hukum Penggugat


Ttd.

MK, S.H., M.H.
___________________
Referensi:

1. Dokumen pribadi penulis.

Rabu, 15 September 2021

Strategies for Filing a Divorce Lawsuits for Foreigners And Migrant Workers

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By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys At Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has presented quite a number of articles on matters relating to divorce lawsuits, for example: a). Divorce Lawsuit in Jakarta; b). Examples of Divorce Lawsuit Reasons for Quarrel; then there is an article entitled c). Examples of Non-Muslim Divorce Lawsuits, on this happy occasion, we will discuss the Strategy for Filing a Divorce Lawsuits for Foreigners and Indonesian Migrant Workers. This article aims to find a solution to the limited time a foreigners and also an Indonesian worker is in the country (Indonesia), which is generally due to a person being bound by a work agreement abroad, or other personal reason.

1. The Plaintiff's Presence in the First Session and Mediation As an Obligation

It has been discussed previously in the article entitled: "The Obligation to Attend the First Trial for Parties in the Religious Courts", that based on the provisions of Article 82 of Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts Jo. Law Number: 3 of 2006 concerning Amendments to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts Jo. Law Number: 50 of 2009 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts, paragraph (2) reads: "In the mediation trial, husband and wife must come personally, unless one of the parties resides residence abroad, and cannot come before personally can be represented by his proxy who is specifically authorized for it". This means that each Plaintiff and Defendant must personally be present at the first hearing on cases related to them. However, even so, there are exceptions, namely in the event that one of the parties is domiciled abroad, and cannot come before him personally, he can be specifically authorized to do so to his attorney.

Also, in the mediation meeting, as stipulated in the Regulation of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 1 of 2016 concerning Mediation, in particular Article 6 which reads as follows:
  1. "The Parties must attend the Mediation meeting in person with or without being accompanied by a legal representative.
  2. The presence of the Parties through long-distance audio-visual communication as referred to in Article 5 paragraph (3) is considered as a direct presence.
  3. The direct absence of the Parties in the Mediation process can only be made based on valid reasons.
  4. The valid reasons as referred to in paragraph (3) include but are not limited to: a). a medical condition that makes it impossible to attend the Mediation meeting based on a doctor's certificate; b). Under custody; c). have a place of residence, residence or position abroad; or d). carry out state duties, professional demands or work that cannot be left behind."
It is regulated regarding the obligations of the Parties, both the Plaintiff and the Defendant, to attend the mediation session directly, without being represented by their legal counsel. Some of the reasons for exceptions related to the discussion of this article are when the lawsuit is filed, domiciled, or resides abroad.

When reading the two provisions above, namely: a). Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts Jo. Law Number: 3 of 2006 concerning Amendments to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts Jo. Law Number: 50 of 2009 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts; and b). Regulation of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 1 of 2016 Regarding Mediation, we can understand that there are exceptions for an Indonesian citizen who is working abroad (TKI), and also for foreigners, to deviate from his obligation to be present, both in the first trial of the lawsuit, as well as in the Mediation event.

2. Differences in Obligation of Attendance for Male and Female Plaintiffs

In addition to the two provisions as mentioned above, the provisions of Law Number 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts of Jo. Law Number: 3 of 2006 concerning Amendments to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning Religious Courts, in particular Article 70 paragraphs (3) and (4) which reads as follows:
  • "After the stipulation has permanent legal force, the Court shall determine the day of the trial for witnessing the divorce pledge, by summoning the husband and wife or their representatives to attend the hearing."
  • "In that trial, the husband or his representative who is given special power in an authentic deed to make a vow of divorce, which is attended by his wife or proxies".
This means that after the decision has permanent legal force, for a man who submits a divorce application, there is still an event for dropping the divorce pledge as the final agenda. And as a statutory provision, it is an obligation for him to be present in person, even if a delegation is carried out through a legal representative, it must be through an authentic deed before a Notary. As for women who file for divorce, there is no obligation related to the agenda as intended.

3. Submit the need for the management of the lawsuit outside of the Plaintiff's obligation to be present to the attorney

After reading the description above, there is an event in a divorce lawsuit that requires the presence of the Plaintiff and the Defendant directly without being represented by their legal counsel. Namely in the agenda of the first trial, the mediation session and an additional ceremony for dropping the divorce vows specifically for those who propose men. Although there are exceptions, in practice it is not easy.

Difficulties in obtaining exceptions for the Parties in the agenda of the first court session and the Mediation at the practical level are administrative and non-technical in nature. Regarding domicile, domicile, or residence abroad, especially from the Plaintiff, this must obtain verification and clearance from the relevant Embassy (Kantor Kedutaan), which of course requires energy and costs. Especially for the ceremony of dropping the divorce pledge, if authorized first, it is required to use an Authentic Deed in front of a Public Notary, of course this needs to be present from the Authorizer directly to come to Indonesia, even though he is not present in front of the Panel of Judges. In addition, non-technical matters such as delays or delays in the time of trial and administrative support processes for purposes in the Court make the choice to take this 'exception' procedure not comparable to if the Plaintiff or Authorizer were present in front of the Court session directly. Therefore, the author, who is also a legal practitioner, recommends to the readers to always be more inclined to come directly before the court session. Here are tips that the author recommends.

4. Tips

After reading the description above, the time has come to provide tips for those of you readers who work as migrant workers and also a foreigners who want to file a divorce suit.
  1. Understanding the Procedural Law, this means that you must have a knowledge that there are legal rules that require someone to be present in person in front of the court when you file a divorce suit/application for divorce.
  2. Prepare your legal steps, when you understand the description from numbers 1 to 3 above, prepare your legal steps. This means, if you are 'observant' and hire a competent advocate, then the court agendas that require you to appear in person before the Court session will be held in line with the time when you are in Indonesia, or at least the time period when you are in the country. shorter and more efficient. In fact, as one of the secret tips that the author shares here, with the rapid development of technology today, it is not difficult if the Power of Attorney and the Lawsuit have been registered within 1 (one) month before you land in the country. This of course saves a lot of your time.
  3. Hire an Advocate, in order to achieve the target of time efficiency of your presence in the country while still complying with the provisions of the applicable procedural law, hiring the services of an advocate is inevitable. Of course this will have consequences on the costs you incur, but it is worth the results you will gain. There are many things that lawyers can do before and after you arrive in your country to take care of your case.

*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com

______________________
References:

1. Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning Religious Courts;
2. Law Number: 3 of 2006 concerning Amendments to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning Religious Courts;
3. Law Number: 50 of 2009 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number: 7 of 1989 concerning the Religious Courts;
4. Regulation of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 1 of 2016 concerning Mediation.

Selasa, 14 September 2021

Strategi Mengajukan Gugatan Cerai Bagi TKI

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Oleh:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.

Sebelumnya platform Hukumindo.com telah menyajikan cukup banyak artikel mengenai hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan gugatan perceraian, misalnya: a). Gugatan Cerai di Jakarta; b). Contoh Gugatan Cerai Alasan Pertengkaran; kemudian ada artikel yang berjudul c). Contoh Gugatan Cerai Non Muslim, pada kesempatan yang berbahagia ini akan dibahas mengenai Strategi Mengajukan Gugatan Cerai Bagi TKI. Artikel ini bertujuan mencari solusi atas terbatasnya waktu seorang tenaga kerja Indonesia berada di dalam negeri (Indonesia), yang pada umumnya dikarenakan terikatnya seorang dengan perjanjian kerja di luar negeri.

1. Kehadiran Penggugat Dalam Sidang Pertama Dan Acara Mediasi Sebagai Sebuah Kewajiban

Telah dibahas sebelumnya dalam artikel yang berjudul: "Kewajiban Hadir Pada Persidangan Pertama Bagi Para Pihak Di Pengadilan Agama",  bahwa berdasarkan ketentuan Pasal 82 Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama Jo. Undang-undang Nomor: 3 Tahun 2006 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama Jo. Undang-undang Nomor: 50 Tahun 2009 Tentang Perubahan Kedua Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama, ayat (2) berbunyi: "Dalam sidang perdamaian tersebut, suami-isteri harus datang secara pribadi, kecuali apabila salah satu pihak bertempat kediaman di luar negeri, dan tidak dapat datang menghadap secara pribadi dapat diwakili oleh kuasanya yang secara khusus dikuasakan untuk itu". Hal ini berarti setiap Penggugat maupun Tergugat secara pribadi harus hadir dalam sidang pertama atas perkara yang berkaitan dengannya. Akan tetapi, meskipun demikian, terdapat perkecualian, yaitu dalam hal salah satu pihak berdomisili di luar negeri, dan tidak dapat datang menghadap secara pribadi, dapat dikuasakan secara khusus untuk itu kepada kuasa hukumnya. 

Juga, dalam acara mediasi, sebagaimana ketentuan Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor: 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Mediasi, khususnya Pasal 6 yang berbunyi sebagai berikut:
  1. "Para Pihak wajib menghadiri secara langsung pertemuan Mediasi dengan atau tanpa didampingi oleh kuasa hukum.
  2. Kehadiran Para Pihak melalui komunikasi audio visual jarak jauh sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 5 ayat (3) dianggap sebagai kehadiran langsung.
  3. Ketidakhadiran Para Pihak secara langsung dalam proses Mediasi hanya dapat dilakukan berdasarkan alasan sah.
  4. Alasan sah sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (3) meliputi antara lain: a). kondisi kesehatan yang tidak memungkinkan hadir dalam pertemuan Mediasi berdasarkan surat keterangan dokter; b). Di bawah pengampuan; c). mempunyai tempat tinggal, kediaman atau kedudukan di luar negeri; atau d). menjalankan tugas negara, tuntutan profesi atau pekerjaan yang tidak dapat ditinggalkan".
Diatur mengenai kewajiban Para Pihak, baik Penggugat maupun Tergugat, untuk menghadiri acara mediasi secara langsung, tanpa diwakilkan oleh kuasa hukumnya. Adapun beberapa alasan pengecualian terkait dengan pembahasan artikel ini adalah ketika gugatan diajukan berdomisili, berkedudukan, maupun bertempat tinggal di luar negeri. 

Ketika membaca dua ketentuan di atas, yaitu: a). Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama Jo. Undang-undang Nomor: 3 Tahun 2006 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama Jo. Undang-undang Nomor: 50 Tahun 2009 Tentang Perubahan Kedua Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama; dan b). Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor: 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Mediasi, kita dapat memahami bahwa terdapat pengecualian bagi seorang warga negara Indonesia yang sedang bekerja di luar negeri (TKI) untuk menyimpangi kewajiban hadir dirinya, baik dalam acara sidang pertama gugatan, maupun dalam acara Mediasi.

2. Perbedaan Kewajiban Hadir Bagi Penggugat Laki-laki dan Perempuan

Selain dua ketentuan sebagaimana telah disebutkan di atas, bagi Laki-laki juga berlaku ketentuan Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama Jo. Undang-undang Nomor: 3 Tahun 2006 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama, khususnya Pasal 70 ayat (3) dan (4) yang berbunyi sebagai berikut:
  • "Setelah Penetapan tersebut memperoleh kekuatan hukum tetap, Pengadilan menentukan hari sidang penyaksian ikrar talak, dengan memanggil suami dan isteri atau wakilnya untuk menghadiri sidang tersebut".
  • "Dalam sidang itu, suami atau wakilnya yang diberi Kuasa Khusus dalam suatu akta otentik untuk mengucapkan ikrar talak, yang dihadiri oleh isteri atau kuasanya".
Hal ini berarti setelah putusan berkekuatan hukum tetap, bagi seorang Laki-laki yang mengajukan permohonan talak, masih terdapat acara penjatuhan ikrar talak sebagai agenda pamungkas. Dan sebagai ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan, menjadi kewajiban baginya untuk hadir secara langsung, jikapun dilakukan pendelegasian melalui kuasa hukum, haruslah melalui akta otentik di depan Notaris. Sedangkan bagi perempuan yang mengajukan gugatan perceraian, tidak ada kewajiban terkait agenda sebagaimana dimaksud. 

3. Menyerahkan Keperluan Pengurusan Gugatan Di Luar Kewajiban Hadir Penggugat Kepada Kuasa Hukum

Setelah membaca uraian di atas, terdapat acara dalam sebuah gugatan perceraian yang mewajibkan hadirnya Penggugat maupun Tergugat secara langsung tanpa diwakilkan kepada kuasa hukumnya. Yaitu dalam agenda sidang pertama, acara mediasi dan tambahan acara penjatuhan ikrar talak khusus untuk yang mengajukan Laki-laki. Meskipun terdapat pengecualian, dalam praktiknya sangatlah tidak mudah.

Kesulitan dalam memperoleh pengecualian bagi Para Pihak dalam agenda sidang pertama dan acara Mediasi dalam tataran praktik adalah hal-hal yang sifatnya administratif dan non teknis. Perihal domisili, berkedudukan, maupun bertempat tinggal di luar negeri khususnya dari Penggugat ini harus mendapat verifikasi dan clearance dari Kedutaan Besar (Embassy) terkait yang tentunya perlu mengeluarkan energi dan biaya. Khusus untuk acara penjatuhan ikrar talak, jika dikuasakan terlebih dahulu diwajibkan untuk menggunakan Akta Otentik di depan Notaris, tentunya hal ini perlu hadir dari Pemberi Kuasa langsung untuk datang ke Indonesia, meskipun tidak hadir di depan Majelis Hakim. Selain itu, hal-hal non teknis seperti penundaan maupun molornya waktu sidang dan proses pendukung administrasi untuk keperluan di Pengadilan menjadikan pilihan untuk mengambil prosedur 'pengecualian' ini tidak sebanding dengan apabila Penggugat atau Pemberi Kuasa hadir langsung di depan sidang Pengadilan. Oleh karena itu, Penulis yang juga selaku praktisi hukum, menyarankan kepada sidang pembaca agar senantiasa lebih condong untuk datang secara langsung ke hadapan sidang Pengadilan. Berikut adalah tips yang penulis sarankan.

4. Tips 

Setelah membaca uraian di atas, saatnya tiba untuk memberikan tips bagi anda sidang pembaca berprofesi sebagai TKI yang ingin mengajukan gugatan perceraian. 
  1. Pahami Hukum Acara, hal ini berarti anda harus mengerti bahwa terdapat aturan hukum yang mewajibkan seseorang untuk hadir secara langsung di depan sidang pengadilan ketika anda mengajukan gugatan perceraian/permohonan talak. 
  2. Persiapkan Langkah Hukum Anda, ketika anda sudah paham atas uraian dari angka 1 sampai dengan 3 di atas, persiapkan langkah hukum anda. Artinya, jika anda 'jeli' dan menyewa advokat yang kompeten, maka agenda-agenda sidang yang mewajibkan anda untuk hadir langsung di depan sidang Pengadilan akan diselenggarakan waktunya sejalan dengan waktu ketika anda berada di Indonesia, atau setidaknya jangka waktu ketika anda berada di dalam negeri semakin singkat dan menjadikannya efisien. Bahkan, sebagai salah satu tips rahasia yang penulis bagikan di sini, dengan pesatnya perkembangan teknologi saat ini, bukan hal yang sulit apabila Surat Kuassa dan Gugatan telah didaftarkan dalam jangka waktu 1 (satu) bulan sebelum anda mendarat di tanah air. Hal ini tentu banyak menghemat waktu anda.
  3. Sewa Advokat, untuk mencapai target efisiensi waktu keberadaan anda di tanah air dengan tetap mematuhi ketentuan hukum acara yang berlaku, menyewa jasa advokat menjadi tidak terelakan. Tentu saja hal ini akan mempunyai konsekuensi pada biaya yang anda keluarkan, akan tetapi hal tersebut adalah sebanding dengan hasil yang akan anda peroleh. Banyak hal yang dapat advokat lakukan sebelum dan setelah anda tiba di tanah air untuk mengurus perkara anda. 

*) Untuk informasi lebih lanjut silahkan hubungi:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Jl. Ring Road Barat, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng - Jakarta Barat,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com
____________________
Referensi:

1. Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama;
2. Undang-undang Nomor: 3 Tahun 2006 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama;
3. Undang-undang Nomor: 50 Tahun 2009 Tentang Perubahan Kedua Atas Undang-undang Nomor: 7 Tahun 1989 Tentang Peradilan Agama;
4. Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor: 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Mediasi.

Rabu, 08 September 2021

Contoh Perjanjian Utang Piutang

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Oleh:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.

Sebelumnya platform Hukumindo.com telah membahas mengenai "Contoh Surat Permohonan Eksekusi Putusan Perdata", dan pada kesempatan yang baik ini akan dibahas mengenai Contoh Perjanjian Utang-Piutang. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini.[1]


PERJANJIAN UTANG PIUTANG 

Pada hari ini ------------------ tanggal ( --- tanggal, bulan, dan tahun --- ), kami yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini:

1. Nama :  ---------------------------------------------------
Umur  :  ---------------------------------------------------
Pekerjaan :  ---------------------------------------------------
No. KTP / SIM :  ---------------------------------------------------
Alamat :  ---------------------------------------------------
Telepon :  ---------------------------------------------------

Bertindak untuk dan atas nama diri sendiri dan untuk selanjutnya disebut PIHAK PERTAMA.

2. Nama :  ---------------------------------------------------
Umur :  ---------------------------------------------------
Pekerjaan :  ---------------------------------------------------
No. KTP / SIM :  ---------------------------------------------------
Alamat :  ---------------------------------------------------
Telepon :  ---------------------------------------------------

Bertindak untuk dan atas nama diri sendiri dan untuk selanjutnya disebut PIHAK KEDUA.

a. Dengan ini menyatakan, bahwa PIHAK PERTAMA telah dengan sah dan benar mempunyai utang uang karena pinjaman kepada PIHAK KEDUA, sebesar [(Rp. ----------------------,00) (---- jumlah uang dalam huruf ---- )]. 

b. PIHAK PERTAMA mengakui telah menerima jumlah uang tersebut secara lengkap dari PIHAK KEDUA sebelum penandatanganan Surat Perjanjian ini, sehingga Surat Perjanjian ini diakui oleh kedua belah pihak dan berlaku sebagai tanda penerimaan yang sah. 

c. PIHAK KEDUA dengan ini menyatakan telah menerima pengakuan berhutang dari PIHAK PERTAMA tersebut di atas. 

d. Kedua belah pihak telah bersepakat untuk mengadakan serta mengikatkan diri terhadap syarat-syarat serta ketetapan-ketetapan dalam perjanjian ini yang diatur dalam 8 (delapan) pasal sebagai berikut:

Pasal 1
PEMBAYARAN

PIHAK PERTAMA berjanji akan membayar hutang uang sebesar [(Rp. ------------,00) (---- jumlah uang dalam huruf ---- )] tersebut selambat-lambatnya tanggal ( --- tanggal, bulan, dan tahun dalam angka dan huruf --- ) kepada PIHAK KEDUA.

Pasal 2
BUNGA

1. PIHAK PERTAMA wajib membayar bunga atas uang pinjaman tersebut sebesar [(------ ) % ( --- jumlah dalam huruf ---)] persen atau sejumlah [(Rp. ------------,00) (---- jumlah uang dalam huruf ---- )] per bulan hingga pelunasan keseluruhan hutang PIHAK PERTAMA dilakukan.

2. Pembayaran bunga tersebut dilakukan PIHAK PERTAMA kepada PIHAK KEDUA setiap tanggal [( --- ) ( --- tanggal dalam huruf --- )] pada bulan yang sedang berjalan selama berlakunya Surat Perjanjian ini.

3. Pembayaran oleh PIHAK PERTAMA kepada PIHAK KEDUA dilaksanakan melalui Rekening PIHAK KEDUA pada Bank ( --------- nama dan alamat lengkap Bank yang dimaksud --------- ) dengan nomor rekening: -------------------------------

Pasal 3
PELANGGARAN

Jika PIHAK PERTAMA lalai atau tidak dapat memenuhi seluruh kewajibannya sebagaimana ditetapkan dalam Surat Perjanjian ini dan atau apabila terjadi pelanggaran oleh PIHAK PERTAMA atas salah satu atau beberapa kewajibannya sebagaimana yang disebutkan dalam Perjanjian ini, maka PIHAK KEDUA berhak menagih segera secara sekaligus jumlah hutang pinjaman tersebut meskipun jatuh tempo perjanjian ini belum dicapai.

Pasal 4
HAL-HAL YANG TIDAK DIINGINKAN

PIHAK KEDUA berhak menagih kembali seluruh uang hutang PIHAK PERTAMA secara sekaligus, apabila:

1. PIHAK PERTAMA dinyatakan bangkrut atau pailit oleh Pengadilan sebelum tanggal jatuh tempo perjanjian ini dicapai.

2. PIHAK PERTAMA meninggal dunia sebelum tanggal jatuh tempo perjanjian ini, kecuali jika ahli waris PIHAK PERTAMA sanggup dan bersedia memenuhi kewajiban-kewajiban yang berkaitan dengan isi Surat Perjanjian ini.

Pasal 5
BIAYA PENAGIHAN

Semua biaya penagihan hutang tersebut di atas, termasuk biaya juru sita dan biaya-biaya kuasa PIHAK KEDUA untuk menagih hutang tersebut, menjadi tanggungan dan wajib dibayarkan oleh PIHAK PERTAMA.

Pasal 6
BIAYA-BIAYA LAINNYA

Biaya pembuatan Surat Perjanjian ini dan segala biaya yang berhubungan dengan hutang pinjaman tersebut di atas menjadi tanggungan dan wajib dibayarkan oleh PIHAK PERTAMA kepada PIHAK KEDUA.

Pasal 7
PENYELESAIAN PERSELISIHAN

1. PIHAK PERTAMA dan PIHAK KEDUA yang telah mengikatkan diri dalam perjanjian utang-piutang ini telah bersepakat untuk menempuh jalan kekeluargaan atau musyawarah untuk mufakat guna menyelesaikan hal-hal atau perselisihan yang mungkin timbul. 

2. Apabila ternyata jalan musyawarah dianggap tidak berhasil untuk mendapatkan penyelesaian yang melegakan kedua belah pihak, kedua belah pihak bersepakat untuk menempuh upaya hukum dengan memilih domisili pada ( ------ Kantor Kepaniteraan Pengadilan Negeri ------ ) dengan segala akibatnya.

Pasal 8
PENUTUP

Surat perjanjian ini dibuat di atas kertas bermaterei secukupnya yang ditandatangani dan dibuat rangkap dua berkekuatan hukum yang sama serta masing-masing dipegang oleh PIHAK PERTAMA dan PIHAK KEDUA.

PIHAK PERTAMA      PIHAK KEDUA





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                                           SAKSI-SAKSI:





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Referensi:

1. https://law.uii.ac.id.

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