Jumat, 01 April 2022

Knowing Red Notice and its Request Procedure

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By:
Team of Hukumindo

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has talk about "These 5 Types of Online Fraud You Should Avoid", "How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?" you may read also "How To Report Online Scammer Or Fraud To The Police In Indonesia" and on this occasion we will discuss about 'Knowing Red Notice and its Request Procedure'. There are times when criminals are outside the jurisdiction of the country where we make a Police Report. This is where the importance of the red notice lies. let's find out a little about this.

What is Red Notice?

Quoting from the Interpol page, a red notice is a request to find and temporarily detain someone who is considered involved in a criminal case. However, the person's status has been determined as a suspect and is included in the wanted list (DPO/Daftar Pencarian Orang). Red notices are important because a person's movement is limited when traveling abroad. In addition, countries requesting the issuance of red notices can share information with other Interpol member countries.[1]

A red notice is issued to a person who is named a suspect in a criminal case. The Interpol website states that those who are included in the red notice list must be considered innocent (because it is still a legal suspicion) until a court decision is made.[2]

How  Red Notice Issued?

To issue a red notice, the Police from an Interpol member country will first send a search request and arrest a suspect. The Police from the requesting country must show a valid arrest warrant as the basis for the request to Interpol. Then, the Interpol Secretariat General responded by issuing a notification to all Interpol member countries regarding the request. Police agencies from all Interpol member countries will receive a notification.[3]

It is known that there are 190 member countries that join Interpol. One of them is Indonesia through the Indonesian National Police (INP) since 1952. It should be underlined, individuals who are included in the red notice category are not orders from Interpol itself but from the country concerned. Interpol only provides information to all member countries that the person is wanted by a country based on a detention warrant. Thus, Interpol did not issue an arrest warrant.[4]

How To Request Red Notice To Interpol?

Red notice is issued by Interpol after a request from the country concerned. The Head of Public Relations of the Polda Metro Jaya Kombes Pol Argo Yuwono said that issuing a red notice for a person must coordinate with the Interpol National Central Bureau (NCB) for Indonesia. After someone is determined as a suspect, continued Argo, an arrest warrant will be issued. If the person does not respond to the letter, the next step is to assign that person to the DPO. If the suspect is abroad, the police will cooperate with Interpol to issue a red notice.[5]

"After the new DPO, we will issue a red notice. We will see what the requirements are, then we will coordinate with Interpol," said Argo, Monday (29/5/2017). After Interpol has received a red notice from the country concerned, Interpol will inform other member countries. So that the movement of suspects abroad will be limited and make it easier for arrests.[6] And if you have difficulties with this topic, contact us, feel free in 24 hour, we will be happy to assist you. 


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma22@gmail.com

________________
References:

1. "Mengenal Red Notice dan Prosedur Permintaannya", news.detik.com, diakses pada tanggal 1 April 2022, https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3514988/mengenal-red-notice-dan-prosedur-permintaannya.
2. Ibid.
3. Ibid.
4. Ibid.
5. Ibid.
6. Ibid.

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