Selasa, 11 Januari 2022

Who Has the Authority to Report a Crime If the Victim Is a Company?

(iStock)

By:
Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)

Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has talk about "How to Obtain Child Custody in Indonesia", "How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?", read also: "Who's Legally Represents The Company In Indonesia?" and on this occasion we will discuss about 'Who Has the Authority to Report a Crime If the Victim Is a Company?'

Reporting a Crime To The Police 

As we know, crime can happen to anyone, including the Company. Basically, all criminal acts that occur in Indonesia are reported in the same way to the Police. It's just that if the victim is a company, then there are specific provisions. 

Article 1 Law Number: 8 of 1981 concerning Criminal Procedure Code ("KUHAP") provides a definition of the Report as follows: "Report is a notification submitted by a person who, because of his rights or obligations under the law, to an authorized official regarding, has or is currently or is suspected of having a criminal event." Those who have the right to submit reports are people who have experienced, seen, witnessed or become victims of events that constitute criminal acts, either orally or in writing.[1]

How to Open a Police Report ("LP") in Indonesia? As a guide, here's how to open a criminal report according to the author's practical experience:[2]
  1. Come to the relevant Police Station;
  2. Come to the Integrated Police Service Center (SPKT);
  3. Tell the chronology of the crime that you experienced to the Police officers;
  4. If the incident you experience is a criminal act, the Police officer will give you a report sign, if it is not a criminal act, the Police officer will not give you a report sign.
Complete your report with your self identity, witnesses and supporting evidence related to the crime you experienced.

Specific Provision If the Victim Is Company

If the victim is Company, who has the authority to report a crime? To answer this question we must refer to the company Law. The main sources of law governing limited liability companies in Indonesia are Law Number: 40 of 2007 Concerning Limited Liability Company. In addition, other laws are also regulated, including Law Number: 3 of 1982 concerning Compulsory Company Registration, also various implementing regulations under it.

Then, if the victim is Company, who has the authority to report a crime? To answer this question, we must still refer to Law Number: 40 of 2007 Concerning Limited Liability Company, especially Article 1 point 5, where the board of directors is the one who legally represents the company in Indonesia, both inside and outside the court.[3]

What is a the Board of Director? As stipulated in Article 1 point 5, what is meant by the board of director is a company organ that is authorized and fully responsible for the management of the Company for the benefit of the Company, in accordance with the purposes and objectives of the Company and represents the Company, both inside and outside the court in accordance with the provisions of the articles of association.[4] And if you have any issue with this topic, contact us, feel free in 24 hours, we will be glad to help you.


*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Law Office
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Subdistrict, West Jakarta,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
E-mail: mahmudkusuma6@gmail.com
_________________

References:

1. Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP);
2. "How to Open a Police Report in Indonesia?", Hukumindo.com., Diakses pada tanggal 11 Januari 2022, https://www.hukumindo.com/2021/10/how-to-open-police-report-in-indonesia.html
3. "Who's Legally Represents The Company In Indonesia?", Hukumindo.com., Diakses pada tanggal 11 Januari 2022., https://www.hukumindo.com/2021/11/who-legally-represents-company-in.html
4. Ibid.

Tidak ada komentar:

Posting Komentar

How to Execute Power of Attorney From Abroad to Indonesia Territory?

( iStockphoto ) By: Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H. ( Certified Attorneys at Law ) Previously, the Hukumindo.com platform has talk about " Ho...