Mahmud Kusuma, S.H., M.H.
(Certified Attorneys at Law)
Previously, the www.hukumindo.com platform has talk about "Notonagoro, Akademisi Hukum Dan Pelopor Filsafat Pancasila", "What is Corruption Crime?", "A Glimpse History of Corruption", "The Legal Basis for Eradicating Corruption in Indonesia", "Fraudulent Acts By Contractors In Corruption Crimes" you may read also "Recognizing Gratification According to the Corruption Crime Act" and on this occasion we will discuss about '10 Mega-Corruption Cases with the Largest Losses in Indonesia'.
The problem of corruption in the past has not been resolved, new cases continue to emerge over time. In fact, many of the corrupt are still roaming freely. Unmitigated, the state must lose trillions of rupiah due to the actions of these corruptors. Most recently, the case involving Surya Darmadi and the Regent of Indragiri Hulu (Inhu) for the period 1999-2008, Raja Thamsir Rachman was said to be the largest in Indonesia with state losses reaching IDR 78 trillion. The following are 10 mega-corruption cases with the largest losses in Indonesia:
1. Case of Land Grabbing in Riau Province
The Attorney General's Office succeeded in uncovering a corruption case involving PT. Duta Palma Group. The owner of PT. Duta Palma Group Surya Darmadi has been named a suspect in a corruption case involving land grabbing with the former Indragiri Hulu Regent (Inhu) for the 1998-2008 period. Surya Darmadi is suspected of committing corruption in the seizure of 37,095 hectares of land in the Riau province through PT Duta Palma Group. It is known that Raja Thamsir Rachman once violated the law by issuing location permits and plantation business permits in the Indragiri Hulu area for a land area of 37,095 hectares to five companies owned by PT. Duta Palma Group. Surya Darmadi then used the location business permit and plantation business permit without a forest area release permit from the Ministry of Forestry and without any usufructuary rights from the National Land Agency. If proven in court, the corruption case involving Surya Darmadi will be the largest in Indonesia with state losses reaching IDR 78 trillion.
2. Case of PT Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (PT. TPP)
The corruption case involving PT Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPP) was in second place with state losses reaching Rp. 2.7 billion US dollars or around Rp. 37.8 trillion. In this case, the former Head of BP Migas, Raden Priyono and the former Deputy for Economic and Marketing Finance of BP Migas, Djoko Harsono were sentenced to 12 years in prison. Unfortunately, the former President Director of PT TPPI, Honggo Wendratno, who was sentenced to 16 years in prison, is currently still at large.
3. Case of PT. ASABRI
In the corruption case involving Indonesian Armed Forces Insurance or Asabri (Persero), the state had to lose IDR 22.7 trillion. It is known that the management of PT. Asabri made transaction arrangements in the form of investment in shares and mutual funds together with private parties. A total of seven people have been convicted in this case. They are Adam Rachmat Damiri (Director of Asabri 2011-2016), Sonny Widjaja (Director of Asabri 2016-2020), and Bachtiar Effendi (Director of Investment and Finance of Asabri 2008-2014). Then Hari Setianto (Director of Asabri 2013-2014 and 2015-2019), Heru Hidayat (Director of PT. Trada Alam Minera and Director of PT. Maxima Integra), Lukman Purnomosidi (Principal Director of PT. Prima Televisi), and Jimmy Sutopo (Director of Jakarta Issuer Investor Relations).
4. Case of PT. JIWASRAYA
The PT. Asuransi Jiwasraya (Persero) corruption case was uncovered after they failed to pay policies to customers regarding a Savings Plan investment of IDR 12.4 trillion. Six people have been convicted, namely Hary Prasetyo (Director of Finance of Jiwasraya), Hendrisman Rahim (former Director of Jiwasraya), Syahmirwan (former Head of Investment and Finance Division of Jiwasraya), Joko Hartono Tirto (Director of PT Maxima Integra), Benny Tjokrosaputro (Director of Utama PT. Hanson International) and Heru Hidayat (Director of PT. Trada Alam Minera and Director of PT. Maxima Integra).
5. Case of Century Bank
The next fantastic corruption case is the Century Bank case. This is because the state suffered a loss of IDR 7 trillion. This value is based on the State Loss Calculation Report (LHP) for the case. The provision of Short Term Funding Facility (FPJP) to Bank Century has caused a state loss of IDR 689.394 billion. Then for the designation as a bank with a systematic impact it has caused losses to the state of IDR 6.742 trillion.
6. Case of PT. PELINDO II
In 2020, the BPK has issued a report on state losses due to the alleged corruption case at PT. Pelindo II. The report found that four projects at PT. Pelindo II caused state losses of up to IDR 6 trillion. The four projects are outside the project for the procurement of mobile cranes and quay crane containers whose alleged corruption is being handled by Bareskrim Polri and the KPK. This case dragged on the name of the former managing director of PT. Pelindo RJ Lino who had been named a suspect since 2015. He is suspected of abusing his authority by directly appointing HDHM from China in the procurement of three QCC units.
7. Case of Regent of East Kotawaringin
The next corruption case whose value is quite fantastic is the corruption case that dragged East Kotawaringin Regent Supian Hadi. The value of state losses due to this case was up to IDR 5.8 trillion and US$ 711,000. With the status of a suspect, Supian is suspected of abusing his authority in issuing mining business licenses to three companies. The three are PT. Fajar Mentaya Abadi, PT. Billy Indonesia and PT. Aries Iron Mining. Each permit was granted in 2010 to 2012.
8. Case of Certificate of Paid Off (SKL) Bank Indonesia Liquidity Assistance (BLBI)
The case of the Bank Indonesia Liquidity Assistance Certificate (SKL BLBI) occurred in 2004 when Syafruddin issued a letter of fulfillment of obligations or what is called SKL against Sjamsul Nursalim as the controlling shareholder of BDNI, which has obligations to IBRA. The SKL was issued referring to Presidential Decree No. 8 of 2002 which was issued on December 30, 2002 by Megawati Soekarnoputri, who was President of the Republic of Indonesia at that time. Based on an audit conducted by the BPK, the value of state financial losses reached 4.58 trillion.
9. Case of electronic ID Card (e-KTP)
The electronic KTP corruption case has attracted public attention because of its fantastic value and full of drama. Based on BPK calculations, the state suffered a loss of IDR 2.3 trillion. Some of the big names that have been dragged into this case are the former Speaker of the Indonesian Parliament Setya Novanto, Irman Gusman, and Andi Narogong.
10. Case of Hambalang Sport Center Project
The BPK (Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia) audit results stated that the Hambalang project corruption case resulted in a state loss of IDR 706 billion. As a result of this corruption, the Hambalang Athlete Homestead megaproject stalled in 2012. Some of the names involved in this case are former Democratic Party Chairperson Anas Urbaningrum, former Democratic Party Treasurer Muhammad Nazaruddin, former Kemenpora Andi Mallarangeng, and Angelina Sondakh. And if you have any legal issue with this topic, contact us then, feel free in 24 hour, we will be happy to assist you.
*) For further information please contact:
Mahmud Kusuma Advocate
Tokopedia Care Tower, 17th Floor, Unit 2&5,
Outer West Ring Road, 101, Rawa Buaya,
Cengkareng Sub District, West Jakarta City,
Jakarta - Indonesia.
1. "10 Kasus Korupsi dengan Kerugian Negara Terbesar di Indonesia", www.kompas.com., Diakses pada tanggal 18 Desember 2022, Link: https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2022/08/03/201200565/10-kasus-korupsi-dengan-kerugian-negara-terbesar-di-indonesia?page=all
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